Plant Species at Pleasant Valley Conservancy

Because of the diverse habitats at Pleasant Valley Conservancy, the flora is quite large. Our species check list has over 400 species of grasses and forbs. This list, which is probably not complete, also does not include many woody plants. The list given below is an abbreviated version, emphasizing those species of greatest ecological or botanical interest. Weeds are not listed.

A list such as this one is called a "check list". It is just a list of species found at the Conservancy, with no attempt to connect a species with specific locations, or to express how widespread the species is. A species found just once, and another found all over the Conservancy, would each rate a single entry. However, such a list is useful because it tells us what to expect and what not to expect.

This check list is based primarily on intensive plant surveys done each year since 2002 through 2007. In those surveys, detailed records were kept of locations as well as flowering and seed setting dates.

For this check list, four major habitat types have been defined. For each species, the principal habitats where it has been found are given. These are the habitats where a species is most likely to be found and some species may be found in lesser amounts in other habitats.

Plant Check List, Pleasant Valley Conservancy
(click on the highlighted text to view a photo of the plant)

Latin Name Common Name Prairie Savanna Woods Wetland
Achillea millefolium Yarrow
P
Actaea alba White baneberry
Sav
Wood
Actaea rubra Red baneberry
Sav
Wood
Agastache nepetoides Yellow giant hyssop
Sav
Agastache scrophulariaefolia Purple giant hyssop  
Sav
   
Agrimonia gryposepala Tall agrimony
P
Sav
   
Allium canadense Wild onion
P
     
Allium cernuum Nodding wild onion
P
Sav
   
Amorpha canescens Lead-plant
P
Amphicarpa bracteata Hog peanut  
Sav
Wood
 
Anaphalis margaritacea Pearly everlasting 
P
Sav
Andropogon gerardii Big bluestem
P
Anemone canadensis Meadow anemone
P
Anemone cylindrica Thimbleweed
P
Anemone quinquefolia Wood anemone  
Sav
Wood
 
Anemone virginiana Tall anemone
Sav
Angelica atropurpurea Great angelica
Wet
Antennaria neglecta Field pussytoes
P
Antennaria plantaginifolia Plantain-leaved pussytoes
P
Apocynum androsaemifolium Spreading dogbane
Sav
Aquilegia canadensis Wild columbine
P
Sav
Wood
Arabis canadensis Sickle pod
P
Sav
Arabis divaricarpa Rock cress
P
Arabis lyrata Lyrate rock cress
P
Aralia nudicaulis Wild sarsaparilla
 
Sav
Wood
 
Aralia racemosa Spikenard
Sav
Wood
Arenaria stricta Sandwort
P
Sav
Arisaema triphyllum Jack-in-the-pulpit
Sav
Wood
Arnoglossum atriplicifolia Pale Indian plantain
P
Sav
Asclepias exaltata Poke milkweed
Sav
Wood
Asclepias incarnata Swamp milkweed
Wet
Asclepias purpurascens Purple milkweed
Sav
Asclepias syriaca Common milkweed
P
     
Asclepias tuberosa Butterfly weed
P
     
Asclepias verticillata Whorled milkweed
P
Asclepias viridiflora Short green milkweed
P
Aster ericoides Heath aster
P
Aster firmus Shining aster      
Wet
Aster laevis Smooth blue aster
P
Sav
Aster lanceolatus Panicled aster      
Wet
Aster lateriflorus Calico aster
Sav
Wood
Aster novae-angliae New England aster
P
Wet
Aster oolentangiensis Sky-blue aster
P
Aster pilosus Frost aster
P
Sav
Aster prenanthoides Crooked aster
P
Wet
Aster puniceus Purple-stemmed aster
P
Wet
Aster sagittifolius Arrow-leaved aster
P
Sav
Aster sericeus Silky aster
P
Aster umbellatus Flat-top aster      
Wet
Astragalus canadensis Canadian milkvetch
P
Sav
Aureolaria grandiflora Yellow false foxglove  
Sav
   
Baptisia alba White wild indigo
P
Bidens frondosus Beggar ticks
Sav
Bouteloua curtipendula Side oats grama
P
Bromus ciliatus Fringed brome
Wet
Bromus kalmii Prairie brome
P
Bromus latiglumis Ear-leaved brome
Sav
Calmagrostis canadensis Blue-joint grass  
Sav
 
Wet
Caltha palustris Marsh marigold
Wet
Campanula americana Tall bellflower
Sav
Wood
Campanula aparinoides Marsh bellflower      
Wet
Campanula rotundifolia Harebell
P
Carex meadii Mead's sedge
P
Sav
Carex pensylvanica Pennsylvania sedge
Sav
Carex stricta Tussock sedge
Wet
Ceanothus americanus New Jersey tea
P
Sav
Celastrus scandens Climbing bittersweet
P
Sav
   
Chelone glabra Turtlehead
Wet
Cicuta maculata Spotted water hemlock      
Wet
Circaea lutetiana Enchanter's nightshade
Sav
Wood
Cirsium altissimum Woodland thistle  
Sav
   
Cirsium discolor Pasture thistle
P
Cirsium muticum Swamp thistle      
Wet
Clematis virginiana Virgin's bower  
Sav
   
Coeloglossum viride Long-bracted green orchid
Sav
Conyza canadensis Horseweed
P
Sav
   
Coreopsis palmata Prairie tickseed
P
Cryptotaenia canadensis Honewort
Sav
Wood
Cypripedium calceolus Large yellow lady-slipper
Sav
Wood
Dalea candida White prairie clover
P
Dalea purpureum Purple prairie clover
P
Desmodium canadense Showy tick-trefoil
P
Desmodium glutinosum Pointed tick-trefoil
Sav
Desmodium illinoense Illinois tick-trefoil
P
Desmodium paniculatum Panicled tick-trefoil  
Sav
Wood
 
Dicentra cucullaria Dutchman's breeches
Sav
Wood
Dioscorea villosa Wild yam  
Sav
Wood
 
Dodecatheon meadii Shooting star
P
Sav
Echinacea pallida Pale purple coneflower
P
Echinocystis lobata Wild cucumber
Sav
Eleocharis sp. Rush      
Wet
Elymus canadensis Canada wild rye
P
     
Elymus hystrix Bottle brush grass  
Sav
   
Elymus riparius Riverbank wild rye
Sav
Elymus villosus Silky rye  
Sav
   
Elymus virginicus Virginia wild rye
P
Sav
   
Epiloboium coloratum Willow herb      
Wet
Eragrostis spectabilis Purple lovegrass
P
     
Erechtites hieracifolia Burnweed
Sav
Erigeron philadelphicus
Marsh fleabane
P
Sav
   
Erigeron pulchellus Robin's plantain
P
Sav
Erigeron strigosus Daisy fleabane
P
Eryngium yuccifolium Rattlesnake master
P
Eupatorium altissimum Tall boneset
P
Sav
Eupatorium (Eutrochium) maculatum Spotted joe-pye weed
Sav
Wet
Eupatorium perfoliatum Common boneset
Sav
Wet
Eupatorium (Eutrochium) purpureum Purple joe-pye weed
Sav
Eupatorium (Ageratina) rugosum White snakeroot
Sav
Eupatorium sessilifolium Woodland boneset
Sav
Euphorbia corollata Flowering spurge
P
Euthamia graminifolia Grass-leaved goldenrod
P
     
Festuca subverticillata Nodding fescue  
Sav
Wood
 
Fragaria virginiana Wild strawberry
Sav
Wood
Galearis spectabilis Showy orchis  
Sav
Wood
Wet
Galium boreale Northern bedstraw
Sav
Galium circaezans Wild licorice   Sav Wood  
Galium concinnum Shining bedstraw  
Sav
   
Galium lanceolatum Lance-leaved bedstraw  
Sav
   
Galium tinctorium Stiff bedstraw
Sav
Wood
Gaura biennis Biennial gaura
P
     
Gentiana alba Cream gentian
P
Sav
   
Gentiana andrewsii Bottle gentian
P
Gentianella quinquefolia Stiff gentian
P
Geranium maculatum Wild geranium
Sav
Wood
Geum aleppicum Yellow avens      
Wet
Geum canadense White avens
Sav
Wood
Geum triflorum Prairie smoke
P
     
Glyceria stricta Fowl manna grass      
Wet
Goodyera pubescens Rattlesnake plantain    
Wood
 
Hackelia virginiana Stickseed
Sav
Wood
Hasteola  suaveolens Sweet Indian plantain
Sav
Wet
Helenium autumnale Sneezeweed
P
Wet
Helianthemum canadense Common rockrose
P
     
Helianthus decapetalus Pale sunflower  
Sav
Wood
 
Helianthus divaricatus Woodland sunflower
Sav
Wood
Helianthus grosseserratus Saw-tooth sunflower
P
Sav
 
Wet
Helianthus pauciflorus Prairie sunflower
P
     
Helianthus strumosus Pale-leaved sunflower  
Sav
Wood
Wet
Helianthus tuberosus Jerusalem artichoke      
Wet
Heliopsis helianthoides False sunflower
P
Heuchera richardsonii Prairie alum-root
P
Sav
Hieracium aurantiacum Orange hawkweed
P
Hieracium kalmii Canada hawkweed
P
Hieracium longipilum Prairie hawkweed
P
Hippuris vulgaris Mare's tail
Sav
Hydrophyllum virginianum Virginia waterleaf
Sav
Wood
Hypericum punctatum Dotted St. John's wort
Sav
Wood
Hypericum pyramidatum Great St. John's wort
Sav
Wood
Hypoxis hirsuta Yellow star-grass
Sav
Impatiens sp. Jewelweed
Wet
Iris virginica Blue flag
Wet
Juncus tenuis          
Koeleria macrantha June grass
P
Krigia biflora False dandelion
P
Kuhnia eupatorioides False boneset
P
Lactuca biennis Tall blue lettuce  
Sav
   
Lactuca canadensis Wild lettuce
P
Sav
Laportea canadensis Wood-nettle  
Sav
   
Lathyrus palustris Marsh pea      
Wet
Leersia oryzoides Rice cut grass      
Wet
Lespedeza capitata Round-headed bush clover
P
Liatris aspera Rough blazing star
P
Liatris cylindracea Dwarf blazing star
P
Liatris pycnostachya Prairie blazing star
P
Wet
Lilium michiganense Turk's cap lily
Wet
Lilium philadelphicum Wood's lily
P
     
Linum medium texanum Small yellow flax
P
Lithospermum canescens Hoary puccoon
P
Lithospermum incisum Fringed puccoon
P
Lobelia cardinalis Cardinal flower
P
Sav
Lobelia inflata Indian tobacco
Sav
Lobelia siphilitica Great blue lobelia
P
Sav
Wet
Lobelia spicata Pale spiked lobelia
P
Lupinus perennis Wild lupine
P
     
Lysimachia ciliata Fringed loosestrife
Sav
Wood
Lysimachia quadrifolia Whorled loosestrife
Sav
Maianthemum canadense Canada Mayflower
Sav
Wood
Monarda fistulosa Wild bergamot
P
Sav
Monarda punctata Dotted horsemint
P
     
Napaea dioica Glade mallow
Wet
Oenothera biennis Evening-primrose
P
Sav
Orobanche uniflora Cancer root    
Wood
 
Osmorhiza claytoni Hairy sweet cicely
Sav
Wood
Osmorhiza longistylis Smooth sweet cicely
Sav
Wood
Oxalis acetosella Northern wood-sorrel
Sav
Oxalis stricta Yellow wood-sorrel  
Sav
 
Wet
Oxalis violacea Violet wood-sorrel
P
Oxypolis rigidior Cowbane      
Wet
Panicum latifolium Broad-leaved panic-grass
P
Sav
Panicum sp. Small-seed panic grass
P
Sav
Panicum virgatum Switch grass
P
     
Parthenium integrifolium Wild quinine
P
     
Parthenocissus quinquefolia Virginia creeper    
Wood
 
Pedicularis canadensis Wood betony
P
Pedicularis lanceolata Swamp betony
P
Wet
Pediomelum esculentum Prairie turnip
P
     
Penstemon digitalis White beard tongue
P
Phryma leptostachya Lopseed
Sav
Wood
Podophyllum peltatum May-apple
Sav
Wood
Polemonium reptans Jacob's ladder
Sav
Wood
Wet
Polygala sanguinea Field milkwort
P
Polygala senega Seneca snakeroot
P
Sav
Polygonatum biflorum Smooth Solomon's seal
P
Sav
Wood
Polygonum hydropiper Water pepper      
Wet
Polygonum pensylvanicum Pennsylvania smartweed  
Sav
   
Polygonum punctatum Smartweed      
Wet
Potentilla argentea Silvery cinquefoil
P
Sav
Potentilla arguta Prairie cinquefoil
P
Potentilla recta Sulfur cinquefoil
P
Sav
Potentilla simplex Old-field cinquefoil
P
Sav
   
Prenanthes alba Lion's foot
Sav
Pycnanthemum virginianum Common mountain mint
P
Wet
Pyrola elliptica Shin leaf  
Sav
Wood
 
Ranunculus abortivus Small-flowered buttercup
P
Sav
Ranunculus acris Tall buttercup  
Sav
 
Wet
Ranunculus fascicularis Early buttercup
P
Sav
   
Ranunculus hispidus nitidus Hispid (swamp) buttercup      
Wet
Ranunculus recurvatus Hooked buttercup
Sav
Ratibida pinnata Yellow coneflower
P
Rosa sp. Rose
P
Rudbeckia hirta Black-eyed Susan
P
Sav
Rudbeckia laciniata Green-headed coneflower      
Wet
Rudbeckia subtomentosa Sweet black-eyed Susan
P
     
Rudbeckia triloba Brown-eyed Susan
P
Sav
Salix humilis Prairie willow
P
     
Sanguinaria canadensis Bloodroot
Sav
Wood
Sanicula marilandica Black snakeroot
Sav
Saxifraga pensylvanica Swamp saxifrage
Wet
Schizachyrium scoparium Little bluestem
P
Scirpus cyperinus Wool-grass      
Wet
Scirpus validus Great bulrush
Wet
Scrophularia lanceolata Figwort
Sav
Scutellaria parvula Small skullcap
P
Senecio pauperculus Balsam ragwort
P
Sav
Silene antirrhina Sleepy catchfly
P
Silphium integrifolium Rosinweed
P
Silphium laciniatum Compass plant
P
Silphium perfoliatum Cup plant
P
Wet
Silphium terebinthinaceum Prairie dock
P
Sisyrinchium campestre Blue-eyed grass
P
Smilacina racemosa False Solomon's seal
Sav
Wood
Smilacina stellata Starry false Solomon's seal
Sav
Wood
Smilax herbacea Carrion flower
P
Sav
Smilax illinoensis Greenbrier
Sav
Solidago canadensis Common goldenrod
P
Sav
Solidago flexicaulis Zig zag goldenrod
Sav
Wood
Solidago gigantea Late goldenrod
P
Solidago juncea Early goldenrod
P
Solidago missouriensis Missouri goldenrod
P
Solidago nemoralis Old-field goldenrod
P
Solidago ptarmacoides Prairie goldenrod
P
     
Solidago rigida Stiff goldenrod
P
Solidago speciosa Showy goldenrod
P
Solidago ulmifolia Elm-leaved goldenrod
Sav
Wood
Sorghastrum nutans Indian grass
P
Spartina pectinata Prairie cord grass
P
     
Spheopholis spp. Wedge grass
P
     
Sporobolus heterolepis Prairie dropseed
P
Stachys palustris Hedge-nettle      
Wet
Stellaria longifolia Stichwort      
Wet
Stipa sp. Needle grass
P
     
Symplocarpus foetidus Skunk cabbage      
Wet
Taenidia integerrima Yellow pimpernel
Sav
Teucrium canadense Germander
Sav
Thalictrum dasycarpum Purple meadow-rue
P
Wet
Thalictrum dioicum Early meadow-rue
Sav
Wood
Tradescantia ohiensis Common spiderwort
P
Trillium grandiflorum Large-flowered trillium
Sav
Wood
Triodanis perfoliatum Venus looking glass  
Sav
   
Triosteum perfoliatum Early horse gentian
Sav
Typha latifolia Cattail
Wet
Uvularia grandiflora Bellwort
Sav
Wood
Verbena hastata Blue vervain
P
Wet
Verbena stricta Hoary vervain
P
Verbena urticifolia White vervain
Sav
Vernonia fasciculata Common ironweed
P
Sav
Wet
Veronicastrum virginicum Culver's root
P
Sav
Wet
Vicia sativa Common vetch
P
     
Viola candensis Tall white violet  
Sav
   
Viola pedata Bird's foot violet
P
Viola pedatifida Prairie violet
P
Viola pubescens Yellow wood violet    
Wood
 
Viola soraria Door-yard violet
Sav
Wood
Zizia aurea Golden Alexanders
P
Sav
Zizia aptera
Heat-leafed golden Alexanders
P